Tag Archives: Medical

The Right to Choose……

1 Apr

‘Regular readers will doubtless know my feelings on the right to self-determination when it comes to assisted suicide.  Well, yet again, another terminally ill man has to suffer the indignity and stress of fighting the British Courts on top of being in an unimaginable position……’

The case of Noel Conway, 67, from Shrewsbury, who was diagnosed with motor neurone disease more than two years ago and fears being “entombed” in his own body as his ability to move declines, is the latest to reach the High Court.  He is not expected to survive beyond the next 12 months.

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Noel Conway

It is  completely understandable that people in Noel’s position fear the indignity, pain, inability to communicate and all of the unimaginable horrors that come towards the end of life as the disease progresses.  To have the added distress of having to fight a court battle, when all he is requesting a peaceful death when the disease becomes intolerable, seems cruel and totally unecessary.  We have the medicines required to bring about this ending painlessly when the time comes.

The legal arguments against assisted suicide always seem to come back to the same thing; that relatives will ‘push’ a terminally ill person to prematurely end their lives for some spurious reason, or that the person feels they will become a burden as the disease progresses.  It has been demonstrated in countries which allow assisted suicide that with the right checks and balances in place this is almost impossible.   I know of no instances where relatives or carers have been prosecuted in such situations.  In independent polls a large majority agree that it should be an option.

There are options available to some, but only if their condition and financial status allow.  Dignitas, Switzerland, are one organisation that can arrange a peaceful death for sufferers of incurable, degenerative diseases, however, the cost involved (approximately £10,000) is prohibitive for some.  For others, their condition makes travel impossible, denying access to the service.

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Established 1998

The unfortunate inability of our courts to legalise assisted suicide has led to despairing people taking things into their own hands which can cause more suffering or, in the worst case scenario, a prosecution.

Death is not something to be feared.  The idea that your place in Heaven will be lost is  nothing more than the remnants of outdated superstition.  When you are dead you are effectively in the same ‘place’ you were before you were born; and anyway, surely a loving ‘god’ will understand your need to end your pain.

It is time we removed the superstition and hysteria from the argument and listened to common sense, ended the anguish and suffering of those people who find themselves in the unfortunate position of having an intolerable illness and placed assisted suicide on the statute books.  It is a sick irony that we don’t allow animals to sufifer but our fellow brothers and sisters are allowed to suffer…….

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Music Therapy……

11 Dec

‘Special Post – Music is the theme tune to our lives but what if that life suddenly changed……’


Introduction

Music Therapy is available on the NHS but it is very limited predominantly due to costs. Homeopathy receives more funding even though it has been proven to act only as a placebo. In the increasing privatisation by stealth of the NHS the funding will only go down. The areas in which it proves most useful receive proportionately higher spending cuts than other treatments.

 

What is Music Therapy?

As its name suggests it is a method of delivering beneficial therapy to many groups, often subconsciously. Music is the soundtrack of our lives and we recall events when we hear a song or piece of music that was pertinent to a particular time. The number one single when you met your future wife, had your first kiss or the holiday resort you stayed at when the same tune was played over and over in your favourite bar. So, what makes it such a valuable tool in therapy?

 

Groups for Whom Music Therapy is Beneficial

Children and adults with physical or learning disabilities:

Music Therapy is inclusive and can benefit both groups. They enjoy singing and playing percussive instruments. For example: using a simple song with repetitive verses makes it easy for non-readers to learn very quickly. For example; I have used “If I had a Hammer” because it can be conveyed in simple diagrams. What do we do with hammers? We hammer. When? In the morning, then in the evening and

everywhere. The simple formula moves on to a bell which we ring; again in the morning etc. This can be easily adapted for people who may not be able to sing or bang percussive instruments. This is done with movement. If I had a wheelchair I’d spin around in the morning etc. The art is to adapt to the needs of the people you are working with. Subconsciously, reading skills are improved, co-ordination skills improve and most rewarding of all are the smiles and laughter Music Therapy can bring……

 

Elderly people and those with dementia:

As previously mentioned, music is strongly connected to memory. Here is a lovely story from a friend who sadly lost their Mum to Alzheimer’s disease. Long after Mum no longer recognised her own relatives they would take a CD player and play her favourite tunes. She would dance with a smile always present. I cannot begin to imagine how frightening it must be to not know where you are or who the strangers that help you to dress are, but the comfort the family and Mum got are incalculable and again linked to the soundtrack of her life……

 

Hospice care:

To have a child with an incurable illness in the latter stages of life is simply heart breaking. If that terrible period is remembered with the most happiness achievable, once the numbness and grief gets easier, it is a gift that is worth more than all the material wealth in the world. If I can re-write a favourite song to include that child’s name or, better still, asks an artist to record a personal message, a happy memory of a sad time may help, just a little……

 

Making it Happen……

I have experience in Music Therapy which fell by the wayside many years ago when dreams of fame and fortune took over. Since then I have endured some difficulties of my own from which I am thankfully recovering. I have re-evaluated what is important to me and what is unnecessary ‘globalised consumerism’, reaching the conclusion that happiness is not linked to the size of your house or your new car. Happiness can be found in our humanity; something we are losing as we live in an homogenous iPhone bubble……

Imagine yourself, as best you can, in one of the situations laid out above. Suddenly a smile or laughter has much more meaning. I am doing this voluntarily but I need your help. A portable electric piano and a few percussion instruments is all I need. Cost? Around £200 to £250. It’s a drop in the ocean if one or two pounds, or the odd change in PayPal accounts comes from many small donations. Open accounts will be kept and if more is raised than is needed, it will be given back equally to anyone who makes a donation……

Please help if you can.

My PayPal account is – steve.tproject@gmail.com

My friends will happily pass on any cash donations

 

Vishnu Video Productions will be following the story and including it in the “Made in Lincoln UK” magazine program on YouTube……

Thank you

Steve Walker – The Dripping Tap……

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Addiction, Corruption and Democracy……

12 Sep

The National Health Service is letting down large groups in society because of the Government’s inability to act on the advice of specialist healthcare professionals whilst impeding progress to service improvements with endless committees, reports and commissions.  This is particularly true of Drug and Alcohol services despite a unanimous consensus that the current status quo isn’t working and which has a detrimental effect on communities, businesses and the legal system……

House of Commons Affairs Committee……

As if any further demonstration was needed, after a year long enquiry into drugs and addiction, which reported to the fingers-in-earsCommons Affair Committee earlier this year, Keith Vaz recommended the immediate setting up a special Royal Commission as it was a ‘critical, now or never moment for serious reform’ and should report by 2015.  All he has achieved by making this recommendation is a delay in any action being taken until 2015, or later.  The Prime Minister, David Cameron, dismissed the call when one week earlier his deputy, Nick Clegg, backed the call, telling the BBC that is was time to break the conspiracy of silence in which serving politicians shy away from a proper discussion on drug policy……

The UK Drugs Policy Commission……

The UKPDC was given six years to look into drug and alcohol services.  Its remit has now come to an end.  The full report can be downloaded as a PDF file by clicking here.

In brief the UKDPC conclusions are not that different from many of the reports the Government has commissioned.  They say the way in which we collect and analyse evidence is woefully inadequate and that holds back cost effective policies. They also refer to the systems used in Canada where users are provided with a clean, monitored environment in which to use their drugs.  Their report also highlights the disjointed approach to tackling drug and alcohol problems where the Police, Mental Health Services, Family Services and other agencies don’t work in tandem on the problem……

Burying your Head in the Sand……

Current Policy

Current Policy

Some readers may remember Prof. David Nutt who was the Government’s Chief Advisor on drug policy.  Prof. Nutt proposed alternatives to the ‘standard’ Methadone or Subutex treatments that are use in the UK, advocating instead the use of Dia-Morphine.  This was not the ‘advice’ that the Government wanted to hear, so they sacked Prof. Nutt and found an ‘advisor’ that agreed with their limited vision toward drug treatments……

Drugs Don’t Kill People, Policies Do……

Heroin is the street name for Dia-Morphine, a drug that is used in hospitals every day.  It has a very low impact on the body and is no more dangerous than a Paracetamol.  The damage caused to Heroin addicts is not caused by the drug, rather the lifestyle that goes with it.  Finding the money to pay for it causes crime.  The drug is acquired illicitly and may be contaminated which causes the health issues, as does the cross contamination from sharing equipment.  The illicit nature of the drug means that the user does not know how strong it is, which can lead to overdose.  The list goes on.  If, like Prof. Nutt suggested, it was provided on prescription all of the potential harms are removed or controlled.  But ‘Prescribe Heroin to Heroin addicts’ is not the recommendation the politicians wanted.  It is a political hot potato so it is easier to continue with the status quo, even if that has an impact on the legal system with people being burgled, shoplifting, supporting organised crime and terrorism etc.

So, there is the political answer.  Rather than saving lives, reducing crime and offering what has been proven in all peer reviewed trials to be an effective treatment, MPs want the current situation to continue for fear of unpopularity amongst some ‘Sun’ readers.

The same self serving attitudes are the reason they don’t want to ban cigarette advertising or minimum alcohol pricing; 1, popularity and 2, upsetting their paymasters……

We’re all in this Together……

Only we’re not.  Very few of us earn £80,000 per year, with another £135,000 expenses to cover our first class travel, luxury business lunches and mandatory second homes.  Very few of us have ‘consultancy’ jobs paying £1,500 per hour for 2 hours asqcomp08 week and very few of us are given gifts to go to the Chelsea Flower Show with a champagne lunch thrown in.  And, very few of us have work contract that is completely blank and allows us act as we see fit.  Finally, very few of us get a whole years wages when we loose our jobs and go on to work for some of the ‘friends’ we made when we were in power.

Is it any surprise that the Government are unable to close the tax loopholes that allow billions to go unpaid or that they we able to find billions to bail out the privately held banks that are still returning large payouts to shareholders and multi-million pound remuneration packages for their employees.  I distinctly remember David Cameron state ‘No banker will receive more than £2000 as a bonus’ under his leadership; maybe I imagined it……

Democracy……

The will of the people, no, democracy; an old boy network that act in their own interest and in the interest of companies and people who will be of use to them when they loose their seat, as they inevitably will……

‘If only we were all in it together……’

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The Crazy World of Medicine……

20 Jun

Austerity is the word of moment.  Accident and Emergency departments are stretched to breaking point; many are closing as are smaller local hospitals.  In a bid to make efficiency savings vital specialist services such as children’s Cardiology departments are be merged into fewer centres.  Some drugs are deemed too expensive, despite there efficacy, whilst other are available under a ‘post code lottery’.  Mental health services have been particularly adversely affected and offer very little in specialist counselling, leaving many people on ineffective medication in its place.  And yet, amidst all of this Homeopathy is an available treatment from the NHS……

Homeopathy was conceived by Samuel Hahnemann in 1796 and based on the principal of similia similibus curentur (like cures like), according to which a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in a healthy person will act as a cure in a sick person.  Despite rigorous scientific testing is has been proven beyond doubt to be completely implausible and ineffective.  At best it performs in line with the results one would expect from a placebo, at worst it may even be harmful, especially if the patient has such faith in Homeopathy that they forego conventional, proven medical treatments……

Homeopathy has devised its own ‘scientific’ language to describe its treatments.  The original substance which may, or may not be associated with the illness it is intended to treat is diluted with distilled water or alcohol and further diluted.  This process continues until the required dilution is reached.  Counter intuitively, the more dilute the original; the more potent it is considered.  The amounts by which the treatments are diluted defy logic.  For example a Homeopathic dilution of ‘30C’ (the Homeopathic scale), 1ml of solution would be found in a cube of water with sides measuring 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 meters, or 106 light years square.  This means that a 30C Homeopathic remedy is what scientist call ‘water’.  It is far more likely that the solution is contaminated with other substances during the dilution process which has in itself more in common with Witch Doctors than Medical Practitioners.  In fact, there is not enough water on Earth to produce the highest Homeopathic dilutions, yet it is still offered as an alternative treatment by the NHS……

Anecdotal evidence from patients whom swear by the effectiveness of Homeopathy amounts to no evidence whatsoever.  I have a friend with OCD who must stand on every crack in the pavement lest he should suffer bad luck for the rest of that day.  He requires the help of the overstretched Mental Health Services as do the advocates of Homeopathy, which they may be able to get were it not for the latter……

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Paul Lamb Continues Tony Nicklinson’s Case in the Court of Appeal……

15 May

‘Brave Paul Lamb and one other person simply known as ‘Martin’ have been given permission to continue the case of Tony Nicklinson who passes away last year shortly after loosing his case.  Tony was seeking immunity from prosecution for any medical professional assisting him to end his life.  Paul, like Tony, due to their medical conditions where not in a position to take this step without help due to the physical restrictions of their respective illnesses……’

Background……

Both Paul and Tony are the latest in a long line of people who feel that their quality of life has been so profoundly affected by their medical conditions that they feel either now, or at some unspecified point in the future, being able to end their lives with dignity and without pain is their right as autonomous human beings.  The premise behind making such a decision is based upon several understandable factors.  First and foremost is the pain many of them are subjected to on a daily basis.  Secondly, the quality of life they have to endure, in that they are not able to perform even the basic everyday tasks without assistance including going to the bathroom, feeding them self, moving around and some cases even communicating with loved ones.

There is also the question of deterioration in medical condition which the courts seem to take no account of.  If deterioration in health was a new factor, they would be faced with challenging the legal decision all over again.

Like so many before them and one fear many to follow, the steadfast judgements of the courts seem to operate within a ‘one size fits all’ methodology with one issue at its core.  That being the potential for abuse of the law and the vulnerabilities  of certain groups within society who, for whatever reason, may be ‘victims’ of a law permitting euthanasia under certain circumstances……

In the Real World……

Whilst the courts have to give consideration to vulnerable groups and any potential abuse of a carte blanche law permitting assisted dying, I feel we are intelligent enough as a society to make a clear distinction between people like Paul and Tony who are clearly capably of making their feeling known and vulnerable groups who may be acting under duress from others.

The law does not have to be ‘black and white’ and courts could employ the services of Doctors and Mental Health Professionals to establish the merits of each case on a one by one basis.  It is not beyond the courts to identify people who are clearly of sound mind to express when they feel their lives hold no quality and dignity, with little chance of improvement, and to humanly grant them their wish to end them, any more so than to recognise when the plaintiff is requesting such an action under duress.

I am not suggesting a change in law that makes possible the indiscriminate euthanasia of ever sick person but a simplified process under which a judgement can be made without causing delay and upset to those involved.

NIMBYism……

It seems that the opposition to a process which allows ill people the right to end their own lives has fallen foul of the nimbyism which is apparent in many other legal matters and works on the principal that individuals and Judges are not capable of reaching rational decisions.  This is clearly not the case.  Our humanity should allow us to accommodate special circumstances especially when people are suffering……

What can you do……?

 

I have written a ‘Living Will’ of ‘Advance Directive’ to give it its proper name.  It’s quite a simple document that lays out what you want to happen in the event that you should be unfortunate enough to be involved in an accident and unable to make your feelings known.  They are quite straight forward and give instructions on resuscitation and artificial life support.  There is space for you to put a statement of your beliefs and allows you to nominate a proxy, to whom you should make your feelings known.  They can act for you if you are unconscious and not able to make your feeling known at the time.

Although an Advance Directive is not ideal if you feel strongly about this issue, it is a good thing to have in place.  Mine can be seen at the bottom of the post but it is important to print out and give copies to those concerned……

And Finally……

Until the brave battles being fought by Paul Lamb and that of Tony Nicklinson set any precedent in law there is little we can do.  I wish Paul, Martin, Jane Tomlinson and the many others fighting for dignity all the best and hope their tenacity pays off……

My Advance Directive……

ADVANCE DIRECTIVE – Blanks Left to Respect Privacy……

THIS LIVING WILL is made on the 12th day of May 2013.

I:  STEPHEN P_____ W_____ of 1, G_____ D_____, B__________ H____, L______, LN4 ___.  Born on:  3rd February 19__

Being of sound mind make this Advance Directive now as to my medical care and treatment directed to my family, my doctors and any other medical personnel, institution or authority in the event that I shall be unable to make my views known at any time.

I DIRECT as follows:

My life shall not be artificially prolonged and no life sustaining treatment shall be administered, if at any time my attending doctor, consultant or surgeon and one independent medical practitioner certify in writing that in their opinion:

 

a) I have a terminal, incurable or irreversible injury, disease or illness; or

b) I am permanently unconscious, comatose, in a persistent vegetative state with no reasonable chance of recovery; and

c) I am no longer able to make decisions regarding my medical treatment.

In the above circumstances I wish to be permitted to die naturally and to only receive such medical treatment as will alleviate any pain or distressing symptoms so as to make me more comfortable even if this has the effect of shortening my life.

EXCEPTING as follows:

If I have elected to end my own life and have taken steps to bring about this, in the event that I am found I wish to be allowed to die with no medical intervention whatsoever.  I believe this is my right as suicide is permitted in law.  The terms of the above directive shall also apply in this circumstance.

APPOINTMENT OF PROXY

I appoint S____ G______ of 11, S___________ H_____, S____ E__, L______, as my proxy to be involved in all decisions about my medical treatment if I am physically or mentally unable to make my views known. The wishes of S____ G______ should be respected at all times and I confirm that she is fully aware of my wishes.

IN WITNESS of which I have set my hand to this my living will on the day month and year first above written.

SIGNED by the above named in our presence and by us in his/hers.

 

Maker of Living Will

 

Signed:                                                 [Person making living will sign here]

 

Proxy

Signed:                                                 [Proxy sign here]

 

First Witness

Signed:                                                 [First Witness sign here]

Name: [Insert first witness name]

Address:          [Insert address of first witness]

Occupation:     [Insert occupation]

Second Witness

Signed:                                                 [Second Witness sign here]

Name: [Insert second witness name]

Address:          [Insert address of second witness]

Occupation:     [Insert occupation]

The Man with Half a Brain……

18 Apr

‘Surprisingly, this article isn’t about the Chancellor of the Exchequer but I’m sure he would meet the criteria.  It’s about me, the man with half a brain; well almost……’

Background……

On a sunny June morning in 2011 I was out with my Mother when something strange happened to me.  My memory is a little vague in the lead up to and aftermath of the events of that day but this is what I do recall.

We were walking down the street about 300 yards from home when I began to feel a bit dizzy.  I sat on the floor, thinking it would pass and may have been as a result of my tendency towards being somewhat manic.  It didn’t.  Then I remember my vision becoming altered, which I apparently reported to my Mother.  Having dabbled with some hallucinogenic substances in my youth I can safely say the visual disturbance was like no ‘trip’ I’d ever experienced.  Next, I remember not being able to make sense of what was in front of me; I could see it but it was like looking at a 2D picture of the world.  The next thing I remember was waking up in an ambulance and not knowing where I was or what had happened.

My Mother later relayed the series of events to me.  She told me I had said ‘everything looks weird’, then my eyes rolled up into my head and I had a seizure which went on for around two minutes.  It was described as what one imagines a ‘classical’ Epileptic seizure to be; arms and legs twitching uncontrollably, foaming at the mouth and making strange noises.  To me this was a blank, for my Mother it was quite distressing and worrying.  A concerned passer by called for an ambulance and we were taken to A and E at the local hospital……

Diagnosis……

The doctors performed a CT scan, extracted the obligatory blood sample but didn’t take an EEG which, as I have now discovered due to the surprise of a specialist mental health nurse, was a strange omission for a patient presenting with my pathology.  The result was relayed to me at the time as being as ‘small’ benign cyst as the possible cause.  They suggested keeping me in over night but I felt okay and, knowing what it’s like to lay in a hospital bed, unnoticed, waiting eons for a doctor to discharge you, I made the decision to go home.  A follow up appointment was made with a Consultant Neurologist a couple of weeks later.  The only apparent damage at that time was a lump on my head and a few grazes as the result of keeling over and ‘tweaking’ on a pavement in shorts and a T-shirt, plus a feeling that I had pulled the muscles in my arms and legs, presumably as a result of the spasms.

Until the follow up appointment I had not seen the CT scan.  Perhaps now is a good time to refer you to the image (below).  It isn’t the actual scan of my head, as you don’t get a copy without some considerable expense, it is a ‘photo-shopped’ approximation but I assure you it’s fairly accurate.  Taken from the bottom looking up, the large void is in the left hand side, level with my ears, extending toward my eyes.

CT Scan - Cross Section

CT Scan – Cross Section

My Mother attended the appointment with me and explained the bits I was unaware of.  I gave them all the information I could with regard to the lead up and weird visual stuff.  There were two consultants present and they did what I assume is the usual ‘follow my finger’ stuff and shone lights in my eyes.  It was when they turned on the monitor to show me the CT scan that my alarm bells rang.  As they scrolled up and down the images I stopped them and asked them to confirm that I was seeing what I thought I was seeing.  They confirmed that I was and that the large black area that filled almost one quarter of my head was the cyst.  However, the cyst was benign and ‘unlikely’ to have caused the seizure.  Instead, it was concluded, that a reduction in prescription medication was the culprit but they would monitor the cyst to check for any changes.

Now I’m not a neurologist but I know a little about CT scans.  Anything suspicious like a tumour shows up white, like normal brain only with more solidity.  Anything containing fluid shows up black like a cyst, so I wasn’t particularly worried that I was imminently about to keel over and die from a brain tumour.  But the presence of a large black void in your head is unnerving and it did seem to be somewhat of a coincidence that a seizure caused by a reduction in medication just happened out of the blue and was in no way connected to the cyst.  Still, off I went happy in the knowledge that they intended to monitor it; until that is I received a letter explaining their diagnosis and discharging me without any follow up appointments……

The Un-Merry go Round……

I have had quite a lot of experience with doctors, in particular with mental health issues that have worsened over time.  And, despite having been prescribed more different types of anti-depressant and anti-anxiety medications that you can shake a proverbial stick at, nothing has alleviated my suffering.  During this time, which is around 20 years or so, every symptom, emotion and behaviour has been blamed on mental health issues.  Despite endless attempts to get help from the medical establishment it is like being on a merry-go-round where any alteration in one area is blamed on another, to the point at which I’ve stopped seeking help because it seems like a pointless exercise but then I had an unexpected revelation……

Perhaps I’m not Mad After all……

During a recent circuit of the merry-go-round I was referred to the local Community Mental Health Team for (yet another) assessment.  In my last encounter with the mental health specialists they stated that I had ‘too many complex factors impacting on mental health’ which I interpreted as ‘you’re too mad for us to do anything with’.  However, this time around the lady who did the assessment was startled to find out that I had a brain cyst that was not being monitored and she was the one who asked if I had ever had an EEG?  Having explained the many varied and strange symptoms I experience she though I should be referred to a Clinical Psychologist to establish any possible link.  Over that past few years I have had problems with my memory, blackouts and have been prone to rapid and dramatic swings of emotion, including having an extremely short fuse; all well documented symptoms of a brain cysts and all previously blamed on depression, anxiety or as the side effect of taking, or not taking drugs……

‘So maybe there is some light at the end of the very long and debilitating tunnel through which I have been travelling for so long.  The prospect of brain surgery doesn’t fill me with joy but if I can be put back to how I was before this all started 20 years ago, count me in……..’

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For the Benefit of all Mankind……

30 Mar

Nobel_medal‘Suppose you are a scientist who has discovered a source of unlimited free energy and an end to world poverty.  You would surely be hailed as the saviour of the human race with Nobel Prizes laden upon youWell, unfortunately not.  Unless you published your findings on the internet and circulated many hard copies of your solutions to your colleagues worldwide, you may come up against a problem……’

Any scientist who made such a discovery would most probably seek to patent their idea and it is here that your problems will start.

The US and other countries have something called the X-Patents.  This is a long list of government directives which define a wide range of categories and specifications under which any major advance in technology is not only deemed to be in ‘the interests of national security’ but also removes any rights of the designer or inventor to retain their intellectual property.  Yes folks, the government can take your work, do with it as they choose, swear you to secrecy which would make any disclosure of your work treason and pay you nothing in royalties for any application of it……

global-issues-warmingSo, what’s Covered by the X-Patents……

It’s a long list of definitions, a lot of which refer to military applications even if that wasn’t the initial intent and generally covers anything which applied correctly could offer great benefits for humanity.  Let’s look at some of the things covered in the document:

GROUP X1 – Power Supplies:

Item 8 – Solar Photovoltaic Generators with an efficiency of greater than 20%.  Photovoltaic cells operating in optimal circumstances currently offer around 15% efficiency.  In our age of global warning and huge areas of the world with limited access to electricity, making the storage of food, medicines and lack of access to things like air-conditioning in some of the hottest climates in the world, any improvement in power generation from PV cells could prove a huge advantage to the developing countries of the world.  The US Government doesn’t want that sort of technology to be made available to them.  Speculation as to why is an open debate but to keep developing nations under the control of the west is one possibility.  ‘We’ll provide you with power for a sizable stake in your mineral wealth and infrastructure?’

Item 9 – Energy conversion systems with an efficiency of 70 – 80%.  Almost all of our current energy generation from, fossil fuels, nuclear energy or renewables is inefficient.  Nuclear returns a respectable 50%, fossil fuels return less than 30%, Wind and tidal schemes return a pitiful 20%.  So, imagine an ‘engine’ or generator that could return 70-80% of its input power and again you would have a major contribution to cutting global warning and supplying surplus power to developing nations.  However, if you developed such a machine it would immediately fall foul of the X-Patents and be unlikely to be shared with mankind, not without a substantial profit added regardless of running costs.

This list goes on but for almost any major advance in technology which could benefit all of mankind it has been hijacked by the X-Patents, usually with a view to the benefits it could have for military applications from computing, energy, alternative propellants to fossil fuels and new materials which could provide dramatic improvements for health or construction (concrete is extremely energy hungry)…….

I recommend you download and read the X-Patent documents and see for yourself.  If you are a scientist on the brink of a major discovery consider that; if you submit a patent application it will become the property of the government in ‘the interests of national security’ and you will receive nothing for your hard work.  Alternatively, do what Tim Burners-Lee did and give your discovery to the world for the benefit of all.  You will probably get your Nobel Prize and sleep comfortably at night without the prospect of having an unfortunate ‘accident’ in case you where to mention your work to the ‘wrong’ people……

Links to the X-Patents: WikipediaThe Government X-Patent Document

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